Improving the efficiency of utilization of anti-land blasting mines OZM-72


Oleg Smirnov

National University of Civil Defense of Ukraine


Ihor Tolkunov

National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine




Keywords: utilization, explosive object, anti-personnel fragmentation shell jumping round mine OZM-72, ammunition collector



The technology of discharging and utilization of anti-personnel fragmentation mines of circular destruction OZM-72 by disassembly into constituent elements has been developed, which allows rational extraction of all available materials and allows to obtain and transfer to enterprises scrap metal and other substances to be used in the national economy. To this end, the international and national regulatory framework in the field of reducing stocks of surplus ammunition, ammunition unsuitable for further use and storage and those to be destroyed and stored in warehouses, bases and arsenals of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, as well as scientific and practical research carried out by leading scientists in our country and abroad, which allowed to justify the feasibility and procedure for the disposal of selected for the study of mines OZM-72. To increase the efficiency of work on the disposal of the above ammunition developed a method of optimal distribution of personnel in the workplace, taking into account the risk of accident, which is a mathematical sequence of actions that can be applied to certain specific conditions, taking into account a specific spatial planning solution (shops) to perform the above operations for the disposal of antipersonnel fragmentation mines OZM-72. The results of testing the proposed method allowed to determine a number of analytical relationships that confirm the relationship between the intensity of mine OZM-72 for discharge and disposal and the intensity of work at each workplace, taking into account the available human resources, which in turn has a significant impact on time , and hence the ratio of downtime of mines and personnel in the workplace in the event of an unbalanced flow of mines on the production line or irrational distribution of personnel in the workplace. This approach can be implemented by the relevant bodies of the SES in the process of examination of the disposal of ammunition and explosives during the implementation of control measures, approval of regulations and other documents on disposal.



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