Analysis of possible risks of emergencies on the territory of the kharkov region


Hryhorii Ivanets

National University of Civil Defense of Ukraine


Ihor Tolkunov

National University of Civil Defense of Ukraine


Ivan Popov

National University of Civil Defense of Ukraine




Keywords: emergency situation, danger factors, level of danger for the territory and population of the region



A study of danger factors for the territory and population of the Kharkov region, the risks of sources of emergencies, the level of danger for the territory and population of the region. Studies have shown that the state of the environment and the technogenic situation in the Kharkov region due to many interrelated factors are characterized by an increase in the potential for emergencies and the severity of their consequences. Analysis of hazard factors for the region showed that among the natural threats should be identified flooding, landslides and karst processes, subsidence of forest soils and complex hydrometeorological phenomena, man-made threats include radiation, chemical, fire and explosion. This is due to the presence in the Kharkov region of risks of emergencies of various natural factors and the state of fixed assets of enterprises, the presence of potentially dangerous objects in the region, irrational economic activities, depletion of natural resources, huge environmental load on the study region, others economic and social development indicators. The article proposes to improve the methodology of quantitative characterization of the level of danger for the territory and population of the region, which takes into account the average annual number of emergencies and population density, and characterizes the threat to the territory and population of the region and the state as a whole. Comparative risk assessment for the territory and population of the region was carried out by comparing statistical indicators of danger for the region and the state, respectively. It was determined that the level of danger for the study area is considered relatively acceptable. The usefulness and expediency of research is due to the fact that such an analysis is the basis for substantiation of organizational and technical measures to prevent and adequately respond to emergencies in the region, taking into account the potential dangers in this area.



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